Tithonium and Ius Chasmata

Scaled Image

Image Credit: NASA/JPL/ASU

About this image

Ius and Tithonium Chasmata are located at the western end of Valles Marineris. Tithonium Chasma is north of Ius Chasma. Valles Marineris is over 4000 kilometers long (2495 miles), almost as wide as the United States. Ius Chasma is almost 840 kilometers long (522 miles), 120 kilometers wide and over 8 kilometers deep. Tithonium Chasma is 803 km (499 miles) long. In comparison, the Grand Canyon in Arizona is about 175 kilometers long (109 miles), 30 kilometers wide, and only 2 kilometers deep. The canyons of Valles Marineris were formed by extensive fracturing and pulling apart of the crust during the uplift of the vast Tharsis plateau. Landslides have enlarged the canyon walls and created deposits on the canyon floor. Weathering of the surface and influx of dust and sand have modified the canyon floor, both creating and modifying layered materials. There are many features that indicate flowing and standing water played a part in chasma formation.

Please see the THEMIS Data Citation Note for details on crediting THEMIS images. 


2024-02-27 10:55
Wed, 2024-06-12
256 pixels (17 km)
3792 pixels (263 km)
0.069427 km/pixel
0.0701433 km/pixel


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