Nochtis Labyrinthus

Scaled Image

Image Credit: NASA/JPL/ASU

About this image

At the western end of Valles Marineris lies a fracture region call Noctis Labyrinthus. This feature's origin is not certain, but scientists think it began to develop when volcanic activity started in the Tharsis region. The upwelling of subsurface magma lifted, stretched, and then fractured the martian crust. This activity created the large Tharsis volcanoes located nearby, and Valles Marineris to the east. In the area of Noctis Labyrinthus cracks and faults opened, ice and water in the subsurface likely escaped, and the ground collapsed. The result today is a tangle of tablelands cut by canyons, troughs, and pits. This VIS image is located in the very southern reaches of Noctis Labyrinthus in Sinai Planum. The elongate pits mark the area of fracturing. Further north the pits have been eroded so that they join to form deep valleys.

Please see the THEMIS Data Citation Note for details on crediting THEMIS images. 


2024-02-18 05:34
Tue, 2024-06-04
512 pixels (17 km)
1824 pixels (62 km)
0.034216 km/pixel
0.0350702 km/pixel


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