Yardangs near Olympus Mons

Scaled Image

Image Credit: NASA/JPL/ASU

About this image

In this region of the Olympus Mons aureole, located to the SW of the volcano, the surface has been eroded by the wind into linear landforms called yardangs. These ridges generally point in direction of the prevailing winds that carved them, in this case winds from the southeast. Yardangs typically occur on surfaces that are easily erodable, such as wind-blown dust or volcanic ash. The northeast - southwest trending ridges and valleys in the northwest corner of the image are typical of the Olympus Mons aureole. The varying concentration and shape of the yardangs in this area may be controlled by the motion of winds around these topographic features. Some crater outlines are visible near the top of this image. The rims of these craters appear to have been stripped away - indicating that the wind erosion is younger than these craters. There are two round knobs in the image, one on the bottom on the right side of the image and another about midway down on the left. These may be inverted craters, formed because the impacts caused materials underneath the crater to become harder to erode than the surrounding materials.

Please see the THEMIS Data Citation Note for details on crediting THEMIS images. 


Image ID: 
V02539007 (View data in Mars Image Explorer)
2002-07-11 08:13
Mon, 2002-09-16
1024 pixels (18 km)
3648 pixels (65 km)
0.018032 km/pixel
0.018163 km/pixel


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