Small Volcano in Terra Cimmeria

Scaled Image

Image Credit: NASA/JPL/ASU

About this image

This positive relief feature (see MOLA context) in the ancient highlands of Mars appears to be a heavily eroded volcanic center. The top of this feature appears to be under attack by the erosive forces of the martian wind. Light-toned streaks are visible, trending northeast to southwest, and may be caused by scouring of the terrain, or they may be dune forms moving sand. The northeast portion of the caldera area looks as though a layer of material is being removed to expose a slightly lighter-toned surface underneath. The flanks of this feature are slightly less cratered than the surrounding terrain, which could be explained in two ways: 1) this feature may be younger than the surrounding area, and has had less time to accumulate meteorite impacts, or 2) the slopes that are observed today may be so heavily eroded that the original, cratered surfaces are now gone, exposing relatively uncratered rocks. Although most of Terra Cimmeria has low albedo, some eastern portions, such as shown in this image, demonstrate an overall lack of contrast that attests to the presence of a layer of dust mantling the surface. This dust, in part, is responsible for the muted appearance and infill of many of the craters at the northern and southern ends of this image

Please see the THEMIS Data Citation Note for details on crediting THEMIS images. 


Image ID: 
V01992004 (View data in Mars Image Explorer)
2002-05-27 05:46
Wed, 2002-06-26
1024 pixels (17 km)
3648 pixels (63 km)
0.017411 km/pixel
0.017538 km/pixel


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