Tyrrhena Fossae

Scaled Image

Image Credit: NASA/JPL/ASU

About this image

Tyrrhenus Mons is one of the oldest Martian volcanoes. Tyrrhena Fossae is the largest of the channels dissecting the volcano. As well as being one of the oldest volcanoes, it is made of layers that include volcanic ash rather than just basaltic flows. This difference is evident in how the volcano is being eroded, creating broad intersecting sinuous channels. On Earth basaltic flows form broad shield volcanoes like Hawaii. Shield volcanoes can erupt from the central crater, as well as along the flanks. Volcanoes with ash layers, called composite volcanoes, form steeper sides like Mt Rainier and Mt Fuji. The major amount of material erupts only from the central caldera.

Please see the THEMIS Data Citation Note for details on crediting THEMIS images. 


Image ID: 
V73059009 (View data in Mars Image Explorer)
2018-06-03 21:19
Wed, 2018-08-22
1024 pixels (17 km)
3648 pixels (63 km)
0.017455 km/pixel
0.0175628 km/pixel


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