Melas Chasma in IR Color

Scaled Image

Image Credit: NASA/JPL/ASU

About this image

This image shows two representations of the same infrared image over Melas Chasma. On the left is a grayscale image showing surface temperature, and on the right is a false- color composite made from 3 individual THEMIS bands. The false-color image is colorized using a technique called decorrelation stretch (DCS), which emphasizes the spectral differences between the bands to highlight compositional variations.
There is a distinct purple/blue layer present in the northern wall of the Chasma. Although this layer likely has a composition different than the surrounding areas, it is difficult to interpret its specific composition due to the high variability of sunlit and shaded surfaces in this area, which cause a wide range of temperatures to be present within each pixel of the image. It is possible that this layer has a unique composition due to differences in the volcanic or sedimentary environment at the time that the rock formed, or it could be a layer of magma injected between two previously existing rock layers. Another possibility is that the wall is mostly covered by dust and debris, and this portion contains the only exposed bedrock. The light blue colors present in many other areas of the Chasma are due to water ice clouds.

Please see the THEMIS Data Citation Note for details on crediting THEMIS images. 


Image ID: 
I02550001 (View data in Mars Image Explorer)
2002-07-12 04:05
Wed, 2004-08-11
320 pixels (31 km)
2013 pixels (203 km)
0.100849 km/pixel
0.097183 km/pixel


PNG | JPEG (high res) | JPEG (reduced res) | PDF | TIFF